Black Ship on Body of Water Screenshot

Task 1 IELTS writing

Continuing on the topic of the environment, here is a task 1 writing using a table.

Have a look at the table below. Spend 1 minute looking for the key features.

Then match the vocabulary with it’s definition and finally try to use the words in the sample task 1 writing at the bottom.

You can then check your answers and try to write the answer for yourself using your own words and perhaps some of the new vocabulry.

Table: Carbon Emissions by Sector (in million metric tons)


Vocabulary: Match the word with its definition:

  1. Fluctuation
  2. Deterioration
  3. Exacerbate
  4. Mitigation
  5. Pinnacle

Matching Quiz: Choose the correct definition for the IELTS vocabulary above.

a. A high point or peak
b. Worsening or decline
c. To make a situation worse
d. Reduction or alleviation
e. Variation or instability

Sample IELTS Task 1 Writing Answer using this vocabulary:

The provided table illustrates the levels of carbon emissions in million metric tons across various sectors over the years 2010, 2015, and 2020. Overall, there is a noticeable_____a____ in emissions across the sectors, with some experiencing an increase, while others demonstrate a decrease. The ____b____ being from the energy sector in 2010.

In 2010, the energy sector had the highest emissions at 350 million metric tons, which witnessed a substantial decline to 280 million metric tons by 2020. On the other hand, the transportation sector saw a steady rise from 220 to 260 million metric tons during the same period, indicating a concerning _____c____ in emissions.

The industrial sector experienced a modest decline from 180 to 190 million metric tons between 2010 and 2020, suggesting that efforts towards emission _____d_____ may have been somewhat effective. However, the agricultural and residential sectors exhibited a slight increase in emissions over the decade.

In summary, despite efforts to reduce carbon emissions in certain sectors, the overall trend points towards a gradual ____e____ of the environmental situation. It is imperative that comprehensive strategies are implemented to address the root causes and achieve sustainable reductions in carbon emissions across all sectors.

TASK: Try to write your own task 1 writing using your own words and perhaps some of the above vocabulary!

Thank you for reading, we hope you found this post useful!


Here are the answers to the matching questions:

  1. Fluctuation – e. Variation or instability
  2. Deterioration – b. Worsening or decline
  3. Exacerbate – c. To make a situation worse
  4. Mitigation – d. Reduction or alleviation
  5. Pinnacle – a. A high point or peak

Here are the answers to the sample writing:
a) fluctuation
b) pinnacle
c) exacerbation
d) mitigation
e) deterioration

Similar Posts