IELTS Vocabulary: The Environment

Environmental Vocabulary

Here are some words, useful in the IELTS exam, to do with the topic “The Environment” that you have probably seen before.

Can you match the words to the definitions? Then check the answers below.

Finally, Try to put the words in the correct place in the gap fill paragraph.

IELTS Vocabulary Words:

1. Biodiversity

2. Pollution

3. Renewable Energy

4. Climate Change

5. Deforestation

Shuffled Definitions:

a. The deliberate and widespread removal of forests, often for agricultural, industrial, or urban development purposes, resulting in the loss of forested areas.

b. The variety of plant and animal species within a particular habitat or ecosystem, including genetic diversity, species diversity, and ecosystem diversity.

c. Energy derived from sources that are naturally replenished, such as sunlight, wind, and water, and do not deplete finite resources like fossil fuels.

d. A long-term alteration in global weather patterns, primarily due to the increase in greenhouse gases, leading to rising temperatures and unpredictable weather conditions.

e. The introduction of harmful substances or contaminants into the environment, including air, water, and soil, which can have adverse effects on human health, wildlife, and ecosystems.

Gap fill

“In recent years, there has been growing concern about the impact of _____i______ on our planet. The rising global temperatures associated with this phenomenon have resulted in more frequent and severe weather events, affecting both human communities and natural ecosystems. Additionally, the rapid rate of ______ii_____ in some regions has led to habitat destruction and a loss of _____iii______. To combat these issues, many experts argue that a transition to ______iv_____ sources of energy is imperative. However, there are differing opinions on whether this shift is the most effective solution to reduce _____v______. In this essay, we will explore the various aspects of this debate and assess the extent to which renewable energy can mitigate these environmental challenges.”



1. Climate Change (i)
: Climate change refers to long-term alterations in global temperature and weather patterns, often resulting from the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Sample Sentence: Climate change is a global issue that requires immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

2. Pollution(v)
: Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances into the environment, such as air, water, or soil, that can harm living organisms and ecosystems.

Sample Sentence: Industrial pollution has a detrimental impact on the air and water quality in urban areas.

3. Biodiversity (iii)
: Biodiversity represents the variety of life forms and species in a specific habitat or on the entire planet.

Sample Sentence: Protecting biodiversity is essential to maintain the balance of ecosystems.

4. Renewable Energy(iv)
: Renewable energy refers to energy sources that are naturally replenished and are environmentally sustainable, such as solar, wind, and hydropower.

Sample Sentence: Solar and wind energy are examples of renewable energy sources that can help reduce our reliance on fossil fuels.

5. Deforestation (ii)
: Deforestation is the process of clearing or removing forests, primarily for agricultural or commercial purposes.

Sample Sentence: The government has implemented strict policies to combat deforestation and preserve our forests.

Photo by Gustavo Quepón on Unsplash

TASK: Try to write your own sentences using the above vocabulary.

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