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OET Quiz on Pneumonia Complications and Treatments

How well do you know the following treatments?

Choose the correct treatment for the complication.

The answers and the definitions are below.

Question 1:
Complication: Pleural Effusion

a) Antibiotic Therapy
b) Thoracentesis
c) Oxygen Therapy
d) Chest Physiotherapy

Question 2:
Complication: Septic Shock

a) Intravenous Fluids and Vasopressors
b) Antifungal Medications
c) Bronchodilators
d) Chest X-ray

Question 3:
Complication: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

a) Mechanical Ventilation
b) Antiviral Medications
c) Nebulized Steroids
d) Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)

Question 4:
Complication: Lung Abscess

a) Surgical Drainage
b) Diuretics
c) Inhaled Corticosteroids
d) Vaccination

Question 5:
Complication: Empyema

a) Chest Tube Insertion
b) Anticoagulant Therapy
c) Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
d) Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

  1. b) Thoracentesis
  2. a) Intravenous Fluids and Vasopressors
  3. a) Mechanical Ventilation
  4. a) Surgical Drainage
  5. a) Chest Tube Insertion

    Here are simple definitions for the terms:

    1) Thoracentesis: Thoracentesis is a medical procedure in which a thin needle or tube is inserted into the pleural space in the chest to remove excess fluid or air. It is commonly performed to relieve pressure and improve breathing in conditions such as pleural effusion.
    2) Intravenous Fluids and Vasopressors: Intravenous (IV) fluids are liquids administered directly into a vein to maintain hydration or provide medications. Vasopressors are medications that constrict blood vessels, increasing blood pressure. Together, they are used to manage conditions like septic shock by maintaining blood volume and improving circulation.
    3) Mechanical Ventilation: Mechanical ventilation involves the use of a machine to assist or replace the natural breathing process. It is employed when a person’s respiratory function is compromised, helping to deliver oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from the lungs.
    4) Surgical Drainage: Surgical drainage is a procedure in which a surgeon creates an opening to remove accumulated fluids, pus, or other substances from a specific area of the body. It is commonly used to treat conditions such as abscesses or infections.
    5) Chest Tube Insertion: Chest tube insertion is a medical procedure where a flexible tube is placed into the chest cavity to remove air, blood, or fluid. This helps re-expand the lung, relieve pressure, or drain unwanted substances, commonly performed in conditions like pneumothorax or pleural effusion.

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